- Why does monitoring receive special attention?
- What is reflexive monitoring?
- How is reflexive monitoring different?
- What are the other objectives of evaluation and monitoring?
- Can learning be combined with accountability?
- Why is participation important?
- What is the role of the reflexive monitor?
- What are the monitorís tasks?
- Is an external monitor necessary?
- What do I monitor or evaluate?
What are the other objectives of evaluation and monitoring?
Important objectives of reflexive monitoring are to learn from practical experience and to apply the findings in a project or programme for system innovation. But there are also other objectives of monitoring and evaluation (M&E) that you may have to meet. The following list presents the different objectives and their consequences for the use of the method and the target groups.
To meet this objective you collect information about the progress of your project or programme, about the intended or unintended effects, about developments in the environment and about obstacles that you encounter. You use this information to reflect on your points of departure and your assumptions about the problem or about the possible solutions or the knowledge needed to find solutions. This might lead to the conclusion that you have to revise your automatic assumptions.
In terms of learning, an important target group are those who are directly involved in carrying out the project or programme. Other important target groups are people engaged in related experiments, managers and financiers. Policymakers should be involved in the process, particularly when reflecting on institutional barriers.
The question of accountability mainly concerns whether you have achieved the goals that have been set and have made effective use of the resources provided.
In this case, the target group is usually the client or financier of a project or programme. In the case of national, government-financed programmes it is the government and parliament.
Objective: intervention or adaptation
Here the objective of the monitoring and evaluation is to decide whether the transition programme needs to be modified, for example in terms of the activities or target groups. This step is an integral part of reflexive monitoring.
Where adaptation is concerned, the most important target groups in reflexive monitoring are stakeholders and the programme management. But interventions or adaptations can also arise from the conclusions reached by clients/financiers as to whether the money has been properly spent, in which case the client and the programme management are the most important target groups.
Objective: generating enthusiasm and transferring knowledge
Creating enthusiasm and transferring knowledge can contribute to the legitimacy of system innovations and help increase support for anchoring them in an organisation.
The target group consists of the client/financiers and potential or existing fellow innovators, possible future financiers and insurers, regulators or a wider public.